Dogs process food very differently from humans, which means our food doesn’t always sit well with them. To ensure your dog is healthy and getting the right nutrients, here are some potentially toxic foods to be aware of.
Potential Toxic Foods
Chocolate and Caffeine
Chocolate and caffeine-based food and drinks contain methylxanthine, a group of naturally-occurring substances that can be toxic to dogs. Toxicity will depend on a dog’s weight and how much they ingest, but even small amounts can lead to an excessive heart rate and gastrointestinal issues.
Milk and Dairy
Although milk, cheese and other dairy products aren’t poisonous to dogs, they can cause harmful issues and should be limited. This is because most canines are at least somewhat lactose intolerant. Common symptoms of lactose intolerance include loose stool, gas, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Excessive Salt and Salty Snack Foods
In moderation, salt is safe for dogs and is even important for a healthy diet (quality dog foods will cover their need for it). However, too much salt outside of their main diet can lead to salt poisoning, or hypernatremia. This can result in dehydration, seizures, diarrhea, vomiting, and potentially death. For this reason, fast food, potato chips, and highly processed meats should all be avoided.
Grapes, Raisins and Currants
The reason why these are toxic to dogs is not completely understood, but some studies have shown that it may be an organic acid in them. Regardless of why, they should all equally be avoided. Depending on the amount eaten, a dog may experience vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, or even kidney damage or failure.
Undercooked Meat and Eggs and Cooked Bones
Similarly to the danger they pose for humans, raw meat and eggs may contain harmful bacteria like Salmonella or E. coli that can cause food poisoning. And while cooked bones are not traditionally toxic, they have a tendency to splinter, which can cause choking and damage to a dog’s mouth, throat, or gastrointestinal tract.
Keep Your Dog Safe and Healthy
If your dog gets into these foods/any food and seems unwell, don’t panic! Veterinary Emergency Care is here to assess their needs and provide the necessary care. Just call us right away at 919-605-6300 or visit us 6910 Carpenter Fire Station Rd Cary, NC 27519.